CXSecurity WLB-2015040034 6kbbs v8.0 Multiple CSRF (Cross-Site Request Forgery) Web Security Vulnerabilities

6kbbs_4

 

CXSecurity WLB-2015040034 6kbbs v8.0 Multiple CSRF (Cross-Site Request Forgery) Web Security Vulnerabilities

 

Exploit Title: 6kbbs Multiple CSRF (Cross-Site Request Forgery) Security Vulnerabilities

Vendor: 6kbbs

Product: 6kbbs

Vulnerable Versions: v7.1 v8.0

Tested Version: v7.1 v8.0

Advisory Publication: April 02, 2015

Latest Update: April 02, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) [CWE-352]

CVE Reference: *

CXSecurity Reference: WLB-2015040034

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 6.8 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 6.4

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized disclosure of information; Allows unauthorized modification; Allows disruption of service

Writer and Reporter: Jing Wang, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)

 

 

 

Suggestion Details:



(1) Vendor & Product Description:



Vendor:

6kbbs

 

Product & Vulnerable Versions:

6kbbs

v7.1

v8.0

 

Vendor URL & download:

6kbbs can be gain from here,

http://www.6kbbs.com/download.html

http://en.sourceforge.jp/projects/sfnet_buzhang/downloads/6kbbs.zip/

 

Product Introduction Overview:

“6kbbs V8.0 is a PHP + MySQL built using high-performance forum, has the code simple, easy to use, powerful, fast and so on. It is an excellent community forum program. The program is simple but not simple; fast, small; Interface generous and good scalability; functional and practical pursuing superior performance, good interface, the user’s preferred utility functions.”

“1, using XHTML + CSS architecture, so that the structure of the page, saving transmission static page code, but also easy to modify the interface, more in line with WEB standards; 2, the Forum adopted Cookies, Session, Application and other technical data cache on the forum, reducing access to the database to improve the performance of the Forum. Can carry more users simultaneously access; 3, the data points table function, reduce the burden on the amount of data when accessing the database; 4, support for multi-skin style switching function; 5, the use of RSS technology to support subscriptions forum posts, recent posts, user’s posts; 6, the display frame mode + tablet mode, the user can choose according to their own preferences to; 7. forum page optimization keyword search, so the forum more easily indexed by search engines; 8, extension, for our friends to provide a forum for a broad expansion of space services; 9, webmasters can add different top and bottom of the ad, depending on the layout; 10, post using HTML + UBB way the two editors, mutual conversion, compatible with each other; …”

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

6kbbs web application has a computer cyber security bug problem. It can be exploited by CSRF (Cross-Site Request Forgery) attacks. This may allow an attacker to trick the victim into clicking on the image to take advantage of the trust relationship between the authenticated victim and the application. Such an attack could trick the victim into creating files that may then be called via a separate CSRF attack or possibly other means, and executed in the context of their session with the application, without further prompting or verification.

Several 6kbbs products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. 6kbbs has patched some of them. Open Sourced Vulnerability Database (OSVDB) is an independent and open-sourced database. The goal of the project is to provide accurate, detailed, current, and unbiased technical information on security vulnerabilities. The project promotes greater, open collaboration between companies and individuals. It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to csrf vulnerabilities.

 

(2.1) The first code programming flaw occurs at “/portalchannel_ajax.php?” page with “&id” and &code” parameters in HTTP $POST.

(2.2) The second code programming flaw occurs at “/admin.php?” page with “&fileids” parameter in HTTP $POST.

 

 

 

 

Related Articles:
http://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2015040034
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/04/05/7
http://www.intelligentexploit.com/view-details.html?id=21071
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1819
https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure@seclists.org/msg01902.html
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Apr/13
http://www.tetraph.com/security/csrf-vulnerability/6kbbs-v8-0-csrf
http://essayjeans.blog.163.com/blog/static/237173074201551435316925/
https://itinfotechnology.wordpress.com/2015/04/14/6kbbs-crsf/

http://frenchairing.blogspot.fr/2015/06/6kbbs-crsf.html
http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/234603051201551444917365/
http://diebiyi.com/articles/security/6kbbs-v8-0-csrf
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/04/6kbbs-v80-multiple-csrf-cross-site.html
https://hackertopic.wordpress.com/2015/04/02/6kbbs-v8-0-multiple-csrf
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/computer-web-security/6kbbs-v8-0-csrf

 

 

 

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OSVDB 120807 NetCat CMS 3.12 HTML Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

netcat_4

 

OSVDB 120807 NetCat CMS 3.12 HTML Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

 

Exploit Title: NetCat CMS 3.12 /catalog/search.php? q Parameter HTML Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: NetCat CMS (Content Management System)

Vendor: NetCat

Vulnerable Versions: 3.12 3.0 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.1

Tested Version: 3.12

Advisory Publication: April 15, 2015

Latest Update: April 15, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Improper Input Validation [CWE-20]

CVE Reference: *

OSVDB Reference: 120807

CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism
Access Complexity: Medium
Authentication: Not required to exploit
Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Reporter: Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)

 

 

 



Advisory Details:



(1) Vendor & Product Description:


Vendor:

NetCat

 

Product & Vulnerable Version:

NetCat

3.12 3.0 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.1

 

Vendor URL & Download:

NetCat can be downloaded from here,

http://netcat.ru/

 

Product Introduction Overview:

NetCat.ru is russian local company. “NetCat designed to create an absolute majority of the types of sites: from simple “business card” with a minimum content to complex web-based systems, from corporate offices to online stores, libraries or media data – in other words, projects completely different directions and at any level of complexity. View examples of sites running on NetCat CMS can be in a special section.”

“Manage the site on the basis of NetCat can even inexperienced user, because it does not require knowledge of Internet technologies, programming and markup languages. NetCat constantly improving, adds new features. In the process of finalizing necessarily take into account the wishes of our partners and clients, as well as trends in Internet development. More than 2,000 studios and private web developers have chosen for their projects is NetCat, and in 2013 sites, successfully working on our CMS, created more than 18,000.”

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

NetCat web application has a computer security bug problem. It can be exploited by HTML Injection attacks. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) injection, also sometimes referred to as virtual defacement, is an attack on a user made possible by an injection vulnerability in a web application. When an application does not properly handle user supplied data, an attacker can supply valid HTML, typically via a parameter value, and inject their own content into the page. This attack is typically used in conjunction with some form of social engineering, as the attack is exploiting a code-based vulnerability and a user’s trust.

Several NetCat products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. NetCat has patched some of them. Web Security Watch is an aggregator of security reports coming from various sources. It aims to provide a single point of tracking for all publicly disclosed security issues that matter. “Its unique tagging system enables you to see a relevant set of tags associated with each security alert for a quick overview of the affected products. What’s more, you can now subscribe to an RSS feed containing the specific tags that you are interested in – you will then only receive alerts related to those tags.” It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to cyber security vulnerabilities.

 

(2.1) The programming code flaw occurs at “/catalog/search.php?” page with “&q” parameter.

 

 

 

 

Related Articles:
http://www.osvdb.org/show/osvdb/120807
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Apr/37
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/04/15/3
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1843
https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01922.html
http://cxsecurity.com/search/author/DESC/AND/FIND/1/10/Wang+Jing/
https://progressive-comp.com/?l=full-disclosure&m=142907520526783&w=1
http://tetraph.com/security/html-injection/netcat-cms-3-12-html-injection/
http://whitehatpost.blog.163.com/blog/static/242232054201551434123334/
http://russiapost.blogspot.ru/2015/06/netcat-html-injection.html
https://inzeed.wordpress.com/2015/04/21/netcat-html-injection/
http://computerobsess.blogspot.com/2015/06/osvdb-120807.html
http://blog.163.com/greensun_2006/blog/static/11122112201551434045926/
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/computer-web-security/netcat-cms-3-12-html/
http://germancast.blogspot.de/2015/06/netcat-html-injection.html
http://diebiyi.com/articles/security/netcat-cms-3-12-html-injection/

 

 

 

FC2 fc2.com Online Website URLs XSS (cross site scripting) Vulnerabilities (All URLs Under Domain blog.fc2.com/tag)

fki_21

 
FC2 fc2.com Online Website URLs XSS (cross site scripting) Vulnerabilities (All URLs Under Domain blog.fc2.com/tag)

 

Domain:
blog.fc2.com/

“FC2 (founded July 20, 1999) is a popular Japanese blogging host, the third most popular video hosting service in Japan (after YouTube and Niconico), and a web hosting company headquartered in Las Vegas, Nevada. It is the sixth most popular website in Japan overall (as of January 2014). FC2 is an abbreviation of “Fantastic Kupi-Kupi (クピクピ)”. It is known to allow controversial adult content such as pornography and hate speech (unlike many of its competitors). The company uses rented office space for its headquarters which it shares with many other U.S.-based businesses. It also pays taxes in the United States. The physical servers are located in the United States. However, it is believed that the majority of the company and its users (including employees) are located within Japan” (Wikipedia)

 

The Alexa rank of fc2.com is 52 on February 18 2015. It is the toppest Japanese local website sevice.

 

 

 fc2_blog_xss1

 

 

fc2_blog_xss2

 

 

 

(1) Vulnerability description:

FC2 has a computer cyber security bug problem. It is vulnerable to XSS attacks. Here is the description of XSS: “Hackers are constantly experimenting with a wide repertoire of hacking techniques to compromise websites and web applications and make off with a treasure trove of sensitive data including credit card numbers, social security numbers and even medical records. Cross-site Scripting (also known as XSS or CSS) is generally believed to be one of the most common application layer hacking techniques Cross-site Scripting allows an attacker to embed malicious JavaScript, VBScript, ActiveX, HTML, or Flash into a vulnerable dynamic page to fool the user, executing the script on his machine in order to gather data. The use of XSS might compromise private information, manipulate or steal cookies, create requests that can be mistaken for those of a valid user, or execute malicious code on the end-user systems. The data is usually formatted as a hyperlink containing malicious content and which is distributed over any possible means on the internet.” (Acunetix)

 

The programming code flaw occurs at fc2 URLs’ filenames . Fc2 only filter part of the filenames in the urls. Almost all urls are affected under domain blog.fc2.com/tag are affected. i.e.
http://blog.fc2.com/tag/drug/
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//アメリカ/
http://blog.fc2.com/tag/tag/翻訳
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//>レシピブログに参加中♪

 

The vulnerability can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Firefox (37.02) in Ubuntu (14.04) and IE (9.0.15) in Windows 7. The bugs found by using CSXDS.

 

POC Code:
http://blog.fc2.com/tag/drug//“><img src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//アメリカ//“><img src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>
http://blog.fc2.com/tag/tag/翻訳//“><img src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//>レシピブログに参加中//”><img src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>

 

 

 

Vulnerability Disclosure:
Those vulnerabilities were reported to rakuten-cert@rakuten.co.jp in 2014. No one replied. Until now, they are still unpatched.

 

 

Bug Discover:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing

 

 

=================================

 

 

FC2 fc2.comオンラインのウェブサイトのURL XSS(クロスサイトスクリプティング)脆弱性(ドメインblog.fc2.com/tag下にあるすべてのURL)

 

ドメイン:
blog.fc2.com/

“FC2(エフシーツー)は、アメリカ合衆国ネバダ州ラスベガスに本社を置く、Webサービスおよびホスティングサービスを展開する企業。日本を中心に事業展開を行なっている。社名のFC2は「ファンタスティック・クピ・クピ」の略であるとしている。 会社の代表者は、設立当初から2008年までは日本人の高橋理洋(CEO)が務めたが、2009年からMaurice Bannon、2012年にはLance Wolff Kerness、2014年はDEREK G ROWLEYが務めている。” (ja.wikipedia.org)

 

 

(1)脆弱性の説明:

FC2は、コンピュータのサイバーセキュリティバグの問題があります。これは、XSS攻撃に対して脆弱です。ここでXSSの説明は次のとおりです。「ハッカーは常にWebサイトやWebアプリケーションを侵害し、クレジットカード番号、社会保障番号、さらには医療記録などの機密データの宝庫でオフにする技術をハッキングの幅広いレパートリーで実験されている4クロス。サイトスクリプティングは、(また、XSSやCSSとして知られる)は、一般のVBScript、ActiveXの、HTML、またはFlashはに対して脆弱動的ページに、攻撃者が悪意のあるJavaScriptを埋め込むことができ、最も一般的なアプリケーション層ハッキング技術クロスサイトスクリプティングの一つであると考えられていますデータを収集するために、自分のマシン上でスクリプトを実行して、ユーザーをだます。XSSの使用が有効なユーザーの方に誤解されるか、または最後に悪質なコードを実行できる要求を作成し、操作したり、クッキーを盗む、個人情報を危険にさらす可能性があります-userシステムでは、データは通常、悪質なコンテンツを含むハイパーリンクとしてフォーマットされ、インターネット上の任意の可能な手段を介して配布されています。」 (会社のAcunetix)

 

プログラミングコードの欠陥は、FC2のURL」のファイル名で発生します。 FC2は、URLだけでファイル名の一部をフィルタリングします。ほぼすべてのURLが影響を受けますblog.fc2.com/tagドメインの下に影響を受けています。すなわちhttp://blog.fc2.com/tag/drug/
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//アメリカ/
http://blog.fc2.com/tag/tag/翻訳
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//>レシピブログに参加中♪

 

この脆弱性は、ユーザのログインなしで攻撃される可能性があります。試験は、Windows 7でのUbuntuでのFirefox(37.02)(14.04)およびIE(9.0.15)で行いました。

 

 

POCコード:
http://blog.fc2.com/tag/drug//“><img SRC = X onerror = alert( ‘justqdjing’)>
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//アメリカ// “> <IMG src = X onerror = alert( ‘justqdjing’)>
http://blog.fc2.com/tag/tag/翻訳// “> <IMG src = X onerror = alert( ‘justqdjing’)>
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//>レシピブログに参加中// “> <IMG src = X onerror =alert( ‘justqdjing’)>

 

 

 

脆弱性の公開:
これらの脆弱性は誰も答えていない2014年にrakuten-cert@rakuten.co.jpすることが報告されました。今までは、彼らはまだパッチを適用していないです。

 

 

バグを発見:
王ジン (Wang Jing)、数理科学研究部門(MAS)、物理的および数理科学科(SPMS)、南洋理工大学(NTU)、シンガポール。 (@justqdjing
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing

Rakuten Online Website Open Redirect (URL Redirection) Cyber Security Vulnerabilities

rakuten_jp_1

 

Rakuten Online Website Open Redirect (URL Redirection) Cyber Security Vulnerabilities

 

Domain:
rakuten.com




“Rakuten, Inc. (楽天株式会社 Rakuten Kabushiki-gaisha?) is a Japanese electronic commerce and Internet company based in Tokyo, Japan. Its B2B2C e-commerce platform Rakuten Ichiba is the largest e-commerce site in Japan and among the world’s largest by sales. Hiroshi Mikitani founded the company in February 1997 as MDM, Inc., and is still its chief executive. Rakuten Shopping Mall (楽天市場 Rakuten Ichiba?) started operations in May 1997. In June 1999, the company changed its name to Rakuten, Inc. The Japanese word rakuten means optimism. In 2012, the company’s revenues totaled US$4.6 billion with operating profits of about US$244 million. In June 2013, Rakuten, Inc. reported it had a total of 10,351 employees worldwide. In 2005, Rakuten started expanding outside Japan, mainly through acquisitions and joint ventures. Its acquisitions include Buy.com (now Rakuten.com Shopping in the US), Priceminister (France), Ikeda (now Rakuten Brasil), Tradoria (now Rakuten Deutschland), Play.com (UK), Wuaki.tv (Spain), and Kobo Inc. (Canada). The company has investments in Pinterest, Ozon.ru, AHA Life, and Daily Grommet.” (Wikipedia)

 

The Alexa rank of rakuten.co.jp is 64 on May 29 2015. It is the second toppest Japanese local sevice website.




(1) Vulnerability Description:

Rakuten online website has a computer cyber security bug problem. It can be exploited by Open Redirect (Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards) attacks. Here is the description of Open Redirect: “A web application accepts a user-controlled input that specifies a link to an external site, and uses that link in a Redirect. This simplifies phishing attacks. An http parameter may contain a URL value and could cause the web application to redirect the request to the specified URL. By modifying the URL value to a malicious site, an attacker may successfully launch a phishing scam and steal user credentials. Because the server name in the modified link is identical to the original site, phishing attempts have a more trustworthy appearance.” (From CWE)

 

The program code flaw can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Microsoft IE (9 9.0.8112.16421) of Windows 7, Mozilla Firefox (37.0.2) & Google Chromium 42.0.2311 (64-bit) of Ubuntu (14.04.2),Apple Safari 6.1.6 of Mac OS X v10.9 Mavericks.

 

Since know only a little Japanese, not sure whether Rakuten pays much attention to Open Redirect Vulnerabilities or not. These bugs were found by using URFDS.

 

 

 

(2) Use one of webpages for the following tests. The webpage address is “http://itinfotech.tumblr.com/“. Can suppose that this webpage is malicious.

 

Vulnerable URL 1:

POC Code:

 

Vulnerable URL 2:

POC Code:

 

Vulnerable URL 3:

POC Code:

 

 

Vulnerability Disclosure:

Those vulnerabilities are not patched now.

 

 

 

Bug Discover:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing

 

 

============

 

 

 

楽天オンラインサイトオープンリダイレクト(URLリダイレクション)サイバー·セキュリティの脆弱性

 

ドメイン:
rakuten.com




「楽天株式会社は、(楽天株式会社楽天株式会社-gaisha?)東京、日本に拠点を置く日本の電子商取引やインターネット企業です。そのB2B2Cの電子商取引プラットフォーム楽天市場は、日本最大の電子商取引サイトで、世界の中で販売による最大。三木谷浩史は、MDM、株式会社として1997年2月で会社を設立し、さらにその最高経営責任者(CEO)である。楽天ショッピングモール(楽天市場楽天市場?)1999年6月1997年5月で事業を開始し、同社は社名変更楽天株式会社に日本語ワード楽天楽観を意味している。2012年には、同社の売上高は、米国約US2.44億ドルの営業利益との46億ドルとなりました。2013年6月には、楽天株式会社は、それが世界中の10351名の従業員を有していたと報告した。で2005年、楽天は、主に買収や合弁事業を通じて、日本国外で拡大し始めた。その買収は、Buy.com(米国で今Rakuten.comショッピング)、Priceminister(フランス)、池田(現楽天ブラジル)、Tradoria(今楽天ドイツ)が挙げられます、Play.com(英国)、Wuaki.tv(スペイン)、およびコボ(カナダ)。同社はPinterest、Ozon.ru、AHA生活、毎日のグロメットで投資を行っている。」(ウィキペディア)

 

rakuten.co.jpのAlexaのランクは、第2 toppest日本の地方流通サービスのウェブサイトである5月29日2015年64あります。





(1)脆弱性の説明:

楽天のオンラインウェブサイトは、コンピュータのサイバーセキュリティバグの問題があります。それは、オープンリダイレクト(未検証のリダイレクトとフォワード)攻撃によって悪用される可能性があります。ここでオープンリダイレクトの説明は次のとおりです。「Webアプリケーションは外部サイトへのリンクを指定するユーザ制御入力を受け付け、リダイレクトでそのリンクを使用しています。これは、フィッシング攻撃を簡素化HTTPパラメータがURL値が含まれており、可能性があります。。指定されたURLに要求をリダイレクトするようにWebアプリケーションを引き起こす。悪質なサイトへのURLの値を変更することにより、攻撃者がフィッシング詐欺を起動し、ユーザーの資格情報を盗むことができる。変更されたリンク内のサーバー名が、元のサイトと同じであるため、フィッシングの試みは、より信頼性の高い外観を持っています。」 (CWEから)

 

プログラムコードの欠陥は、ユーザのログインなしで攻撃される可能性があります。テストは、Windows 7のMicrosoftのIE(9 9.0.8112.16421)で行われた、Mozilla Firefoxの(37.0.2)&グーグルクロム42.0.2311のUbuntuの(64ビット)(14.04.2)はMac OSのアップルのSafari 6.1.6 X v10.9マーベリックス。

 

楽天リダイレクトの脆弱性かどうかを開くために多くの注意を払っているかどうかわからない、少しだけ日本語を知っているので。

 




 

 

 

(2)以下の試験のためのWebページのいずれかを使用します。ウェブページアドレスは「http://itinfotech.tumblr.com/」です。このウェブページに悪意であるとすることができます。

 

脆弱URL 1:

POCコード:

 

脆弱URL 2:

POCコード:

 

脆弱URL 3:

POCコード:

 

 

脆弱性の公開:

これらの脆弱性は、現在パッチが適用されていません。

 

 

 

バグを発見:
王ジン (Wang Jing)、数理科学研究部門(MAS)、物理的および数理科学科(SPMS)、南洋理工大学(NTU)、シンガポール。 (@justqdjing
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing



CVE-2014-8753 Cit-e-Net Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

cit_e_net
 

CVE-2014-8753 Cit-e-Net Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

Exploit Title: Cit-e-Net Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: Cit-e-Access

Vendor: Cit-e-Net

Vulnerable Versions: Version 6

Tested Version: Version 6

Advisory Publication: February 12, 2015

Latest Update: June 01, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: CVE-2014-8753

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Author: Jing Wang [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 

 

Instruction Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description:




Vendor:

Cit-e-Net

 

 

Product & Version:

Cit-e-Access

Version 6

 

 

Vendor URL & Download:

Cit-e-Net can be downloaded from here,

 

 

Product Introduction:

“We are a premier provider of Internet-based solutions encompassing web site development and modular interactive e-government applications which bring local government, residents and community businesses together.

Cit-e-Net provides a suite of on-line interactive services to counties, municipalities, and other government agencies, that they in turn can offer to their constituents. The municipal government achieves a greater degree of efficiency and timeliness in conducting the daily operations of government, while residents receive improved and easier access to city hall through the on-line access to government services.


Our web-based applications can help your municipality to acheive its e-government goals. Type & click website content-management empowers the municipality to manage the website quickly and easily. Web page styles & formats are customizable by the municipality, and because the foundation is a database application, user security can be set for individual personnel and module applications. Our application modules can either be integrated into your existing municipal web site or implemented as a complete web site solution. It’s your choice! Please contact us at info@cit-e.net to view a demonstration of our municipal web site solution if you are an elected official or member of municipal management and your municipality is looking for a cost efficient method for enhancing & improving municipal services.


Interactive Applications

Online Service Requests

Online Tax Payments by ACH electronic-check or credit card.

Online Utility Payments by ACH electronic-check or credit card.

Online General-Payments by ACH electronic-check or credit card.

Submit Volunteer Resume’s Online for the municipality to match your skills with available openings.”

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

Cit-e-Access web application has a security bug problem. It can be exploited by XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several similar products 0Day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. Cit-i-Access has patched some of them. Open Sourced Vulnerability Database (OSVDB) is an independent and open-sourced database. The goal of the project is to provide accurate, detailed, current, and unbiased technical information on security vulnerabilities. The project promotes greater, open collaboration between companies and individuals. It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to important vulnerabilities.

 

 

(2.1) The first programming code flaw occurs at “/eventscalendar/index.cfm?” page with “&DID” parameter in HTTP GET.

(2.2) The second programming code flaw occurs at “/search/index.cfm?” page with “&keyword” parameter in HTTP POST.

(2.3) The third programming code flaw occurs at “/news/index.cfm” page with “&jump2” “&DID” parameter in HTTP GET.

(2.4) The fourth programming code flaw occurs at “eventscalendar?” page with “&TPID” parameter in HTTP GET.

(2.5) The fifth programming code flaw occurs at “/meetings/index.cfm?” page with “&DID” parameter in HTTP GET.

 

 

 

 

(3) Solutions:

Leave message to vendor. No response.
http://www.cit-e.net/contact.cfm

 

 

 

 

 

References:
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Feb/48
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/02/13/2
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1587
https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01683.html
https://computerpitch.wordpress.com/2015/06/07/cve-2014-8753/
http://webtechhut.blogspot.com/2015/06/cve-2014-8753.html
https://www.facebook.com/websecuritiesnews/posts/804176613035844
https://twitter.com/tetraphibious/status/607381197077946368
http://biboying.lofter.com/post/1cc9f4f5_7356826
http://shellmantis.tumblr.com/post/120903342496/securitypost-cve-2014-8753
http://itprompt.blogspot.com/2015/06/cve-2014-8753.html
http://whitehatpost.blog.163.com/blog/static/24223205420155710559404/
https://plus.google.com/u/0/113115469311022848114/posts/FomMK9BGGx2
https://www.facebook.com/pcwebsecurities/posts/702290949916825
http://securitypost.tumblr.com/post/120903225352/cve-2014-8753-cit-e-net
http://webtech.lofter.com/post/1cd3e0d3_7355910
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/cves/cve-2014-8753/
http://diebiyi.com/articles/security/cve-2014-8753/

 

 

 

About Group (about.com) All Topics (At least 99.88% links) Vulnerable to XSS & Iframe Injection Security Attacks, About.com Open Redirect Web Security Vulnerabilities

Man Running in Digital Vortex --- Image by © Michael Agliolo/Corbis

About Group (about.com) All Topics (At least 99.88% links) Vulnerable to XSS & Iframe Injection Security Attacks, About.com Open Redirect Security Vulnerabilities

 

Vulnerability Description:
About.com all “topic sites” are vulnerable to XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) and Iframe Injection (Cross Frame Scripting) attacks. This means all sub-domains of about.com are affected. Based on a self-written program, 94357 links were tested. Only 118 links do not belong to the topics (Metasites) links. Meanwhile, some about.com main pages are vulnerable to XSS attack, too. This means no more than 0.125% links are not affected. At least 99.875% links of About Group are vulnerable to XSS and Iframe Injection attacks. In fact, for about.com’s structure, the main domain is something just like a cover. So, very few links belong to them.

 

Simultaneously, the About.com main page’s search field is vulnerable to XSS attacks, too. This means all domains related to about.com are vulnerable to XSS attacks.

 

 

Simultaneously, the About.com main page’s search field is vulnerable to XSS attacks, too. This means all domains related to about.com are vulnerable to XSS attacks.

 

For the Iframe Injection vulnerability. They can be used to do DDOS (Distributed Denial-of-Service Attack) to other websites, too.

Here is one example of DDOS based on Iframe Injection attacks of others.
http://www.incapsula.com/blog/world-largest-site-xss-ddos-zombies.html

 

In the last, some “Open Redirect” vulnerabilities related to about.com are introduced. There may be large number of other Open Redirect Vulnerabilities not detected. Since About.com are trusted by some the other websites. Those vulnerabilities can be used to do “Covert Redirect” to these websites.

 

 

Vulnerability Disclosure:
Those vulnerabilities were reported to About on Sunday, Oct 19, 2014. No one replied. Until now, they are still unpatched.

 

about_quesion_security_xss1

 

 

Vulnerability Discover:
Jing Wang, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@Justqdjing)
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing

 

 

(1) Some Basic Background

 

“For March 2014, 61,428,000 unique visitors were registered by comScore for About.com, making it the 16th-most-visited online property for that month.” (The New York Times)

 

“About.com, also known as The About Group (formerly About Inc.), is an Internet-based network of content that publishes articles and videos about various subjects on its “topic sites,” of which there are nearly 1,000. The website competes with other online resource sites and encyclopedias, including those of the Wikimedia Foundation, and, for March 2014, 61,428,000 unique visitors were registered by comScore for About.com, making it the 16th-most-visited online property for that month. As of August 2012, About.com is the property of IAC, owner of Ask.com and numerous other online brands, and its revenue is generated by advertising.” (Wikipedia)

 

“As of May 2013, About.com was receiving about 84 million unique monthly visitors.” (TechCrunch. AOL Inc.)

 

“According to About’s online media kit, nearly 1,000 “Experts” (freelance writers) contribute to the site by writing on various topics, including healthcare and travel.” (About.com)

 

 

(1.2) Topics Related to About.com
“The Revolutionary About.com Directory and Community Metasite. Hundreds of real live passionate Guides covering Arts, Entertainment, Business, Industry, Science, Technology, Culture, Health, Fitness, Games,Travel, News, Careers, Jobs, Sports, Recreation, Parenting, Kids, Teens, Moms, Education, Computers, Hobbies and Local Information.” (azlist.about.com)

 

About.com – Sites A to Z

Number of Topics

A: 66

B: 61

C: 118

D: 49

E: 33

F: 57

G: 39

H: 48

I: 32

J: 15

K: 13

L: 36

M: 70

N: 26

O: 23

P: 91

Q: 4

R: 32

S: 104

T: 47

U: 12

V: 9

W: 43

X: 1

Y: 4

Z: 1

SUM: 1039

Reference: azlist.about.com/

 

In fact, those are not all topics of about.com. Some of the topics are not listed here such as,
http://specialchildren.about.com

 

So, there are more than 1000 topics related to about.com.

 

 

(1.3) Result of Exploiting XSS Attacks
XSS may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

 

Base on Acunetix, exploited XSS is commonly used to achieve the following malicious results:

“Identity theft

Accessing sensitive or restricted information

Gaining free access to otherwise paid for content

Spying on user’s web browsing habits

Altering browser functionality

Public defamation of an individual or corporation

Web application defacement

Denial of Service attacks (DOS)

” (Acunetix)

 

 

(1.4) Basics of Iframe Injection (Cross-frame-Scripting) Vulnerabilities
“In an XFS (Cross-frame-Scripting) attack, the attacker exploits a specific cross-frame-scripting bug in a web browser to access private data on a third-party website. The attacker induces the browser user to navigate to a web page the attacker controls; the attacker’s page loads a third-party page in an HTML frame; and then JavaScript executing in the attacker’s page steals data from the third-party page.” (OWASP)

 

“XFS also sometimes is used to describe an XSS attack which uses an HTML frame in the attack. For example, an attacker might exploit a Cross Site Scripting Flaw to inject a frame into a third-party web page; or an attacker might create a page which uses a frame to load a third-party page with an XSS flaw.” (OWASP)

 

 

(1.5) Basic of Open Redirect (Dest Redirect Privilege Escalation) Vulnerabilities
“An open redirect is an application that takes a parameter and redirects a user to the parameter value without any validation. This vulnerability is used in phishing attacks to get users to visit malicious sites without realizing it.” (OWASP)

Open redirect is listed in OWASP top 10. The general consensus of it is “avoiding such flaws is extremely important, as they are a favorite target of phishers trying to gain the user’s trust.”

 

Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. CNN has patched some of them. “The Full Disclosure mailing list is a public forum for detailed discussion of vulnerabilities and exploitation techniques, as well as tools, papers, news, and events of interest to the community. FD differs from other security lists in its open nature and support for researchers’ right to decide how to disclose their own discovered bugs. The full disclosure movement has been credited with forcing vendors to better secure their products and to publicly acknowledge and fix flaws rather than hide them. Vendor legal intimidation and censorship attempts are not tolerated here!” A great many of the following web securities have been published here, Injection, Broken Authentication and Session Management, Cross-Site Scripting (XSS), Insecure Direct Object References, Security Misconfiguration, Sensitive Data Exposure, Missing Function Level Access Control, Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF), Using Components with Known Vulnerabilities, Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards. It also publishes suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to XSS and URL Redirection vulnerabilities and cyber intelligence recommendations.

 

 

 

(2) About Group About.com All Topics (At least 99.88% links) Vulnerable to XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Security Attacks

 

Vulnerability description:

A method was found to attack users of About.com based XSS attacks.

All links under the topics of about.com can be used for this attack.

Just attach “/lr/” to any About.com’s sub-domains. Then attach “any codes + sciript” or attach “script” code directly is OK. The structure is “http://subdomain.about.com/lr/*/script_code/*“.

The vulnerability can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Mozilla Firefox (26.0) in Ubuntu (14.04) and Microsoft IE (9.0.15) in Windows 7.

 

 

about_all_xss_1

 

about_all_xss_2

 

about_all_xss_4

 

 

POC Codes, e.g.

/”><svg/onload=alert(/justqdjing/)>

http://ipod.about.com/lr/ipad_how-tos/9033“><svg/onload=alert(/justqdjing/)>

http://dc.about.com/lr/shopping/a/BlkFriday.htm/“><svg/onload=alert(/justqdjing/)>

 

 

 

(3) About Group About.com Main Page’s Search Field XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Security Vulnerabilities

 

Vulnerability description:
The web application About.com online website has a security bug problem. It can be exploited by XSS attacks.

 

 

The code programming flaw occurs at about.com main page’s search field, e.g.
http://www.about.com/?q=googleandroidsystem

 

 

about_search_xss1




POC Codes, e.g.

“–/>”><img src=x onerror=prompt(/justqdjing/)>

http://www.about.com/?q=“–/>”><img src=x onerror=prompt(/justqdjing/)>

 

 

 

(4) About Group About.com All Topics (At least 99.88% links) Vulnerable to Iframe Injection (Cross Frame Scripting) Security Attacks

 

Vulnerability description:
About Group has a security problem. It can be exploited by Iframe Injection (Cross Frame Scripting) attacks.

 

The vulnerability occurs at about.com “offsite.htm” page with “zu” parameter, e.g.

 

Use “http://whitehatpost.blog.163.com/” for the following test.

 

The vulnerabilities can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Microsoft IE (10.0.9200.16750) of Windows 8, Mozilla Firefox (34.0) & Google Chromium 39.0.2171.65-0 ubuntu0.14.04.1.1064 (64-bit) of Ubuntu (14.04),Apple Safari 6.1.6 of Mac OS X Lion 10.7.

 

about_inframe_injection

 

about_international_iframe_jnjection

 

 

Vulnerable URLs:

 

 

 

(5) About (about.com) Open Redirect Multiple (Dest Redirect Privilege Escalation) Security Vulnerabilities

About Group online web application has a computer cyber security bug problem. It can be exploited by Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards (URL Redirection) attacks. This could allow a user to create a specially crafted URL, that if clicked, would redirect a victim from the intended legitimate web site to an arbitrary web site of the attacker’s choosing. Such attacks are useful as the crafted URL initially appear to be a web page of a trusted site. This could be leveraged to direct an unsuspecting user to a web page containing attacks that target client side software such as a web browser or document rendering programs.

 

The vulnerabilities can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Microsoft IE (10.0.9200.16750) of Windows 8, Mozilla Firefox (34.0) & Google Chromium 39.0.2171.65-0 ubuntu0.14.04.1.1064 (64-bit) of Ubuntu (14.04),Apple Safari 6.1.6 of Mac OS X Lion 10.7.

 

Use one of webpages for the following tests. The webpage address is “http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/“. Suppose that this webpage is malicious.

 

Vulnerable URL 1:

POC:

 

Vulnerable URL 2:

POC:

 

Vulnerable URL 3:

POC:

 

 

 

 

 

More Details:
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Feb/9
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/02/02/4
https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01647.html
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/02/about-group-aboutcom-all-topics-at_37.html
http://tetraph.com/security/xss-vulnerability/about-group-about-com-all-topics-at
http://webcabinet.tumblr.com/post/118901412227/securitypost-about-group-99-88-xss
http://xingzhehong.lofter.com/post/1cfd0db2_6f05d60
https://hackertopic.wordpress.com/2015/02/03/about-group-xss-xfs/
http://itinfotech.tumblr.com/post/120845059171/about-group-xss-xfs
http://itprompt.blogspot.com/2015/06/about-group-xss-xfs.html
https://plus.google.com/u/0/100242269120759811496/posts/T3SbFnTZGAo
https://itinfotechnology.wordpress.com/2015/03/24/about-group
https://www.facebook.com/websecuritiesnews/posts/803853789734793
https://twitter.com/essayjeans/status/607137800383655936
http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/2346030512015566409245/
https://www.facebook.com/pcwebsecurities/posts/687872271358693
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/web-security/about-group-xss-xrf-open-redirect/
http://itsecurity.lofter.com/post/1cfbf9e7_733e1e5
https://webtechwire.wordpress.com/2015/02/12/about-xss-xfs/

 

 

 

 

CNN Travel.cnn.com XSS and Ads.cnn.com Open Redirect Web Security Vulnerabilities

cnn_travel_city_xss1

 

CNN Travel.cnn.com XSS and Ads.cnn.com Open Redirect Web Security Vulnerabilities

 

Domain:
http://cnn.com

 

“The Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner. The 24-hour cable news channel was founded in 1980 by American media proprietor Ted Turner. Upon its launch, CNN was the first television channel to provide 24-hour news coverage, and was the first all-news television channel in the United States. While the news channel has numerous affiliates, CNN primarily broadcasts from the Time Warner Center in New York City, and studios in Washington, D.C. and Los Angeles, its headquarters at the CNN Center in Atlanta is only used for weekend programming. CNN is sometimes referred to as CNN/U.S. to distinguish the American channel from its international sister network, CNN International. As of August 2010, CNN is available in over 100 million U.S. households. Broadcast coverage of the U.S. channel extends to over 890,000 American hotel rooms, as well as carriage on cable and satellite providers throughout Canada. Globally, CNN programming airs through CNN International, which can be seen by viewers in over 212 countries and territories. As of February 2015, CNN is available to approximately 96,289,000 cable, satellite and, telco television households (82.7% of households with at least one television set) in the United States.” (Wikipedia)

 

Discovered and Reported by:
Jing Wang, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing/

 

 

Vulnerability Description:
CNN has a cyber security bug problem. It cab be exploited by XSS (Cross Site Scripting) and Open Redirect (Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards) attacks.

 

Based on news published, CNN users were hacked based on both Open Redirect and XSS vulnerabilities.

 

According to E Hacker News on June 06, 2013, (@BreakTheSec) came across a diet spam campaign that leverages the open redirect vulnerability in one of the top News organization CNN.

 

After the attack, CNN takes measures to detect Open Redirect vulnerabilities. The measure is quite good during the tests. Almost no links are vulnerable to Open Redirect attack on CNN’s website, now. It takes long time to find a new Open Redirect vulnerability that is un-patched on its website.

 

CNN.com was hacked by Open Redirect in 2013. While the XSS attacks happened in 2007.

 

 

“The tweet apparently shows cyber criminals managed to leverage the open redirect security flaw in the CNN to redirect twitter users to the Diet spam websites.”

 

cnn_open_redirect_complain_meitu_1

Figure from ehackingnews.com

 

At the same time, the cybercriminals have also leveraged a similar vulnerability in a Yahoo domain to trick users into thinking that the links point to a trusted website.

 

Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. CNN has patched some of them. BugTraq is a full disclosure moderated mailing list for the *detailed* discussion and announcement of computer security vulnerabilities: what they are, how to exploit them, and how to fix them. The below things be posted to the Bugtraq list: (a) Information on computer or network related security vulnerabilities (UNIX, Windows NT, or any other). (b) Exploit programs, scripts or detailed processes about the above. (c) Patches, workarounds, fixes. (d) Announcements, advisories or warnings. (e) Ideas, future plans or current works dealing with computer/network security. (f) Information material regarding vendor contacts and procedures. (g) Individual experiences in dealing with above vendors or security organizations. (h) Incident advisories or informational reporting. (i) New or updated security tools. A large number of the fllowing web securities have been published here, Buffer overflow, HTTP Response Splitting (CRLF), CMD Injection, SQL injection, Phishing, Cross-site scripting, CSRF, Cyber-attack, Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards, Information Leakage, Denial of Service, File Inclusion, Weak Encryption, Privilege Escalation, Directory Traversal, HTML Injection, Spam. It also publishes suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to XSS and URL Redirection vulnerabilities and cyber intelligence recommendations.

 

 

(1) CNN (cnn.com) Travel-City Related Links XSS (cross site scripting) Web Security Bugs

 

Domain:
travel.cnn.com/

 

Vulnerability Description:
The programming bug flaws occur at “/city/all” pages. All links under this URL are vulnerable to XSS attacks, e.g

 

XSS may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server. Base on Acunetix, exploited XSS is commonly used to achieve the following malicious results

  • Identity theft
  • Accessing sensitive or restricted information
  • Gaining free access to otherwise paid for content
  • Spying on user’s web browsing habits
  • Altering browser functionality
  • Public defamation of an individual or corporation
  • Web application defacement
  • Denial of Service attacks

 

The code programming flaw can be exploited without user login. Tests were performed on Firefox (34.0) in Ubuntu (14.04) and IE (9.0.15) in Windows 7.

 

cnn_travel_xss

 

PoC:

 

 

(2) CNN cnn.com ADS Open Redirect Web Security Bug

 

Domain:
ads.cnn.com

 

Vulnerability Description:
The programming code flaw occurs at “event.ng” page with “&Redirect” parameter, i.e.

 

From OWASP, an open redirect is an application that takes a parameter and redirects a user to the parameter value without any validation. This vulnerability is used in phishing attacks to get users to visit malicious sites without realizing it. This could allow a user to create a specially crafted URL, that if clicked, would redirect a victim from the intended legitimate web site to an arbitrary web site of the attacker’s choosing. Such attacks are useful as the crafted URL initially appear to be a web page of a trusted site. This could be leveraged to direct an unsuspecting user to a web page containing attacks that target client side software such as a web browser or document rendering programs.

 

The vulnerabilities can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Microsoft IE (10.0.9200.16750) of Windows 8, Mozilla Firefox (34.0) & Google Chromium 39.0.2171.65-0 ubuntu0.14.04.1.1064 (64-bit) of Ubuntu (14.04),Apple Safari 6.1.6 of Mac OS X Lion 10.7.

 

(2.1) Use the following tests to illustrate the scenario painted above.

 

The redirected webpage address is “http://webcabinet.tumblr.com/“. Suppose that this webpage is malicious.

 

Vulnerable URL:

 

POC:

 

Since CNN is well-known worldwide, this vulnerability can be used to do “Covert Redirect” attacks to other websites.

 

Those vulnerabilities were reported to CNN in early July by Contact from Here. But they are still not been patched yet.
http://edition.cnn.com/feedback/#cnn_FBKCNN_com

 

 

 

 

More Details:
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2014/Dec/128
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2014/12/29/6
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1395
http://static-173-79-223-25.washdc.fios.verizon.net/?l=full-disclosure
http://securitypost.tumblr.com/post/107868680057/ithut-cnn-cnn-com-travel
http://ittechnology.lofter.com/post/1cfbf60d_5500df0
http://ithut.tumblr.com/post/120833062743/cnn-xss-url-redirection-bug
http://www.tetraph.com/blog/it-news/cnn-xss-url-redirect-bug/
https://biyiniao.wordpress.com/2015/01/08/cnn-xss-open-redirect-bug/
http://whitehatpost.blog.163.com/blog/static/24223205420155613753998/
https://plus.google.com/u/0/+wangfeiblackcookie/posts/bFkukxiUfXK
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=674936469318135
http://tetraph.blogspot.com/2015/06/cnn-xss-redirect-bug.html
http://diebiyi.com/articles/news/cnn-xss-url-redirect-bug/
https://twitter.com/yangziyou/status/607060937309159425
https://redysnowfox.wordpress.com/2014/12/31/cnn-xss-url-redirect-bug/
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=1043534509019886
http://whitehatpost.lofter.com/post/1cc773c8_7338196
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2014/12/cnn-cnncom-travel-xss-and